Ankerst, Donna P., Johanna Straubinger, Katharina Selig, Lourdes Guerrios, Amanda De Hoedt, Javier Hernandez, Michael A. Liss, et al. “A Contemporary Prostate Biopsy Risk Calculator Based on Multiple Heterogeneous Cohorts.” European Urology 74, no. 2 (2018): 197–203. doi:10.1016/j.eururo.2018.05.003.
This is the result, in nanograms per mililiter, of the PSA blood test. PSA has to be between 2 and 50 [ng/ml].
Choose Yes if a father, brother, or son had prostate cancer.
Digital Rectal Examination is a test performed by a health care professional in which a gloved finger is placed in the rectum to feel the surface of the prostate. It is normal if the prostate is smooth and soft. It is abnormal if an area of firmness or a nodule is noted.
Past Negative Biopsy: One or more prior biopsies, all negative, no prior diagnosis of prostate cancer.